As a result the breed was further developed internally from a variety of existing breeds including the Maltese, the Bichon Frisé, the Shi-Tzu and the Yorkshire Terrier. Characteristics that were important in developing the breed were that they be small, have tiny appetites, be people friendly, and be of good health and good demeanour for life in the communal setting of the large government apartment buildings with tiny apartments. Cleaning products were scarce so coloured coats were developed that would not show the dirt or tear stains common in small white breeds.
When Khrushchev came to power in 1960 the restrictions on propagating toy dogs were lifted somewhat and the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka started to become popular outside of Russia. Even so it has been difficult to obtain dogs from Russia and it is only in recent years that dog has started to show up in North America.
The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a gentle dog of good temperament that makes a wonderful companion for families with small children, senior family members, and other dogs of all sizes. Bolonka puppies are real charmers, and their affection knows no bounds. They are intelligent, sensitive, easily trained and make excellent Certified Working Dogs.
Today the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is becoming known as the “21st
century dog” as many families are beginning to prefer smaller dogs and in many jurisdictions legislation is being passed that deems some breeds of larger dogs as dangerous and in some cases prohibits them entirely.
Right now our Bolonkas are between 5 ½ pounds to around 8 lbs as adults. There are larger members of the breed, it just happens that we have small stock. They really do not do well on their own. They are meant to be companions and they do that very well. If separation anxiety is to be avoided, training should be started right away. You want your Bolonka to be able to be left in a crate for longer and longer periods of time. Get him/her to love the crate, to go to it when she want to be alone. It should be a haven, not a prison.
Along with the Bishon Frisé, the Bichon Bolognese, the Maltese, and the Havanese. They can be any color except white, although up to about 20% white is usually considered acceptable in North America. Tsvetnaya means 'coloured' and Bolonka means 'lap dog', so the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is literally a 'coloured lap dog'. A little known fact is that the plural of Bolonka is Bolonki, although it is much more common to refer to them as Bolonkas.
The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka can be traced back to the early 18th century, when small Maltese-like dogs were presented by the French courts of Louis IV as gifts to Russian nobility. During the era of communism it was extremely difficult to import or export dogs and Russian dog breeders became isolated from the rest of the world.